Module One
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1.1.6-Drawing patterns with lines and curves

Drawing patterns with lines and curves.

patterns with lines and curves


What is a pattern?


A pattern is a regularity in the world, in human-made design, or in abstract ideas. As such, the elements of a pattern repeat in a predictable manner. A geometric pattern is a kind of pattern formed of geometric shapes and typically repeated like a wallpaper design. Any of the senses may directly observe patterns.

A pattern is the repeated or regular way in which something happens or is done. … A pattern is an arrangement of lines or shapes, especially in interior designing in which the same shape is repeated at regular intervals over a surface of walls, furniture or in partitions

Pattern in Interior Design

Pattern is the arrangement of forms or designs to create an orderly whole. Pattern often consists of a number of motifs, or single-design units, arranged into a larger design Composition. Pattern is seen in printed and woven textiles such as upholstery and drapery fabric, floor rugs, and carpeting. Pattern is also seen in wall coverings and carved or inlaid furniture designs. Pattern that is too small to distinguish may read as texture.

Combining Patterns

Patterns are frequently combined in interior design. While some combinations are very successful, we often sense incompatibility in other combined pattern schemes.

To achieve a feeling of rightness, four things need to be evaluated: (1) the placement of emphasis, (2) the character of the pattern, (3) the color scheme, and (4) the scale of the patterns to be combined.


  • The placement of emphasis. Emphasis is giving importance to one pattern over another so that conflict is minimized. Emphasis is established by using a greater amount of one pattern or a larger scale of one pattern than another.
  • The character of the pattern. When two or more patterns are used in the same interior, the characters or styles must be compatible. For example, a dignified Georgian damask or brocade fabric will not be compatible with a country Victorian printed cotton one. They will have an entirely different look or character.
  • The color scheme. Generally, a closely related color scheme will foster harmony. If one pattern contains blues and yellows, for example, then other patterns should also contain exact, similar, or compatible hues, values, and intensities. If the colors are close but “off,” then the patterns will not combine successfully.
  • The scale of the pattern. Pattern scale or size can be similar if the style and the color are compatible. However, when the scale is the same, multiple patterns often seem to conflict. Varying the size or scale of the patterns by using, for example, a large pattern, a small pattern, a tiny pattern, a finely blended stripe, or a compatible geometric shape, along with appropriate textures, can be a good means of achieving success in combining pattern.

What are the 5 patterns in nature?


Natural patterns include symmetries, trees, spirals, meanders, waves, foams, tessellations, cracks and stripes.

What is the principle of pattern?



Pattern as a principle of design may be defined as regular arrangement of repeated same elements i.e. line, shape, colors over and over again. Pattern usually increases the visual excitement by supplementing surface interest.

  • Be careful to ensure that the ‘visual weight’ of these elements of pattern is balanced.
  • Because of the strong associations that we have with materials, patterns can be used to make a space appropriate for a particular purpose or for an individual.
  • Infants and children are constantly searching for new visual stimuli to learn more about the world. Cater for this interest by including stimulating patterns and textures in the rooms where they sleep and play.
  • High-contrast, visually stimulating patterns can be disorientating, so use them subtly in your interior.
  • Choosing a pattern for an interior is the most instant way of ‘buying into’ a given style.  An initial selection of fabric or wallpaper can even provide the colour, design and style basis for the whole room

When you look at some patterns, you may (falsely) assume they are so complex that you could never draw them on your own – let alone come up with your own similar designs… Well, get out your pencil cause you are gonna to do it!

Lines In Interior

In interior design, lines are created by the furnishings and architecture of a room, and guide the eye. Lines are generally categorized into these types: —

Horizontal lines are most often found in furniture such as tables, chairs, bookcases and beds. 

Vertical lines are in elements such as windows and doorways

What exactly is a line in Interior?

 A line is a connection between two or more points. While the definition is simple, believe it or not, lines are quite complex!  Did you know that lines can actually have a psychological effect on a room?  Designers use different kinds of lines all the time in order to create a particular mood or ambiance in the room they are designing. Most interiors use a combination of lines, but oftentimes one line will be planned to dominate in order to accomplish the desired effect.

The line is used to create width and height, or the appearance of activity, movement, or flow. In interior design, lines are created by the furnishings and architecture of a room and guide the eye. The direction of a line can convey mood.

 An element of art used to define shape, contours, and outlines; also to suggest mass and volume. It may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edges of shapes and forms. Characteristics of Line are Width – thick, thin, tapering, uneven.

 A line connects two points. It’s also the path made by a moving point. Lines can be thick or thin. They can be long or short.

  • Thin lines are fragile. …
  • Thick lines, on the other hand, appear difficult to break. …


  • Contour lines are used to define edges. They create boundaries around or inside an object. Most lines you encounter are contour lines. In web design these could be the borders you add around an object or group of objects.
  • Dividing lines can also define edges, but what distinguishes them from contour lines is they divide space. The lines between columns of text are dividing lines as are the lines separating menu items.
  • Decoration lines are used to embellish an object. Cross-hatching is an example of using decoration lines to add shading and form to an object. The line beneath liked text is a decorative line as are the lines used to create a floral background image
  • Gesture lines are quick and rough continuous lines used to capture form and movement. They are generally used when studying the shape and motion of the human form. You likely won’t use gesture lines (based on the technical definition) in a web design, but you could certainly create patterns of lines to signify motion or build up a form

Lines Making Pattern

A series of lines form a pattern. These line patterns convey meaning in addition to the meaning of the individual lines.

Parallel lines of uniform width and spacing create a static and orderly effect. It doesn’t matter if the lines are horizontal or vertical or diagonal. Even in curved lines the repetition creates order, however one more dynamic than straight lines. Not too how the series of curved lines while mostly static, still creates a sense of movement.

By varying the spacing between lines of equal thickness we can convey motion. When the spacing between lines of the same thickness is random we get a dynamic effect with little order. When we vary both spacing and thickness the effect becomes more chaotic and disorderly.

Patterns of lines can be built up to create shading and texture. Value can be controlled through use of line. Lines can be combined to form shapes. Lines can be made up of type or any shape placed one after the other.


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